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Questions related to Forex code

Hello,
I am entirely new to Forex trading and up to this very moment I have not made a single Forex trade. However, it has piqued my interest lately and I decided to spend some spare time writing some high frequency FIX over SSL code. I was hoping you guys could help me with a couple of questions I have. Forgive me if these questions sound entirely dumb. If they are more suitable on a different subreddit please let me know.

1) Can I get a couple of resources (web-links/URLs) for historical currency pair data? What is the the best temporal granularity I can find in historical data? Seconds/milliseconds/nanoseconds?
2) Can I get recommendations for brokers that offer FIX trading? I found a somewhat popular platform with a $5000 minimum deposit but they do not permit registrations for US residents. Is this common? Any idea why? In addition, I came across a couple of VPS providers offering low latency connections to brokers often in the single digit milliseconds latency range. Are these guys legit? Anyone have any experience here?
3) In a low latency trading scenario, what is the typical duration for order execution? By this I mean the time period between placing a market order (FIX Tag 35=D) and getting a successful execution report(FIX Tag 35=8)? If this is a variable time period can you list the contributing factors? I have encountered some verbiage on broker sites warning that their demo accounts could offer more expedited order execution than real market accounts which might also have slippage(what is this?). I was hoping I could get actual numbers of typical expectations in a real market scenario under a variety of dependent conditions.

Any answers I get would be every helpful and highly appreciated. Thanks!
submitted by forexcode to Forex [link] [comments]

Python Web Scraping: Need help writing this code without repeating it 26 times

I'm writing this web scraping program that takes the forex retail trading sentiment from IG Markets and displays it in the console. Here's the code I got so far:
import bs4, requests def getIGsentiment(pairUrl): res = requests.get(pairUrl) res.raise_for_status() soup = bs4.BeautifulSoup(res.text, 'html.parser') elems = soup.select('.price-ticket__sentiment') return elems[0].get_text(" ", strip = True) retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/eur-usd') print ('EUUSD: ' + retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')) retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/eur-chf') print ('EUCHF: ' + retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')) 
This code is for 2 pairs, however, I need the output for 26 pairs and I don't want to type the url 26 times.
Is there a way to do this? I was thinking lists or dictionaries but don't know where to start.
BTW, I'm new to programming, I just read Automate the boring stuff up to the web scraping chapter and that's how I wrote this.
Thank you.

EDIT: I got it
pair_list = ['eur-chf', 'eur-aud', 'eur-jpy'] for i in range(len(pair_list)): retail_positions = getIGsentiment('https://www.ig.com/us/forex/markets-forex/' + (pair_list[i])) pair = pair_list[i] print(pair, retail_positions[0:32].rstrip() + '.')

submitted by Bad_Lieutenant702 to learnpython [link] [comments]

Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

This article is taken from the Wall Street Journal written about nine months ago and sits behind a a paywall, so I decided to copy and paste it here. This article explains Trump's policies toward global trade and what has actually happened so far. I think the article does a decent job of explaining the Trade War. While alot has happenedsince the article was written, I still think its relevant.
However, what is lacking in the article, like many articles on the trade war, is it doesn't really explain the history of US trade policy, the laws that the US administration is using to place tariffs on China and the official justification for the US President in enacting tariffs against China. In my analysis I will cover those points.

SUMMARY

When Trump entered the White House people feared he would dismantle the global system the US and its allies had built over the last 75 years, but he hasn't. He has realign into two systems. One between the US and its allies which looks similar to the one built since the 1980s with a few of quota and tariffs. As the article points out
Today, Korus and Nafta have been replaced by updated agreements(one not yet ratified) that look much like the originals. South Korea accepted quotas on steel. Mexico and Canada agreed to higher wages, North American content requirements and quotas for autos. Furthermore, the article points out Douglas Irwin, an economist and trade historian at Dartmouth College, calls these results the “status quo with Trumpian tweaks: a little more managed trade sprinkled about for favored industries. It’s not good, but it’s not the destruction of the system.” Mr. Trump’s actions so far affect only 12% of U.S. imports, according to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics. In 1984, 21% of imports were covered by similar restraints, many imposed by Mr. Reagan, such as on cars, steel, motorcycles and clothing. Protectionist instincts go so far in the US, there are strong lobby groups for both protectionist and freetrade in the US.
The second reflects a emerging rivalry between the US and China. Undo some of the integration that followed China accession to the WTO. Two questions 1) How far is the US willing to decouple with China 2) Can it persuade allies to join.
The second is going to be difficult because China's economic ties are greater than they were between the Soviets, and China isn't waging an ideological struggle. Trump lacks Reagan commitment to alliance and free trade. The status quo with China is crumbling Dan Sullivan, a Republican senator from Alaska, personifies these broader forces reshaping the U.S. approach to the world. When Mr. Xi visited the U.S. in 2015, Mr. Sullivan urged his colleagues to pay more attention to China’s rise. On the Senate floor, he quoted the political scientist Graham Allison: “War between the U.S. and China is more likely than recognized at the moment.” Last spring, Mr. Sullivan went to China and met officials including Vice President Wang Qishan. They seemed to think tensions with the U.S. will fade after Mr. Trump leaves the scene, Mr. Sullivan recalled. “I just said, ‘You are completely misreading this.’” The mistrust, he told them, is bipartisan, and will outlast Mr. Trump. both Bush II and Obama tried to change dialogue and engagement, but by the end of his term, Obama was questioning the approach. Trump has declared engagement. “We don’t like it when our allies steal our ideas either, but it’s a much less dangerous situation,” said Derek Scissors, a China expert at the American Enterprise Institute whose views align with the administration’s more hawkish officials. “We’re not worried about the war-fighting capability of Japan and Korea because they’re our friends.”
The article also points out unlike George Kennan in 1946 who made a case for containing the Soviet Union, the US hasn't explicitly made a case for containing the Soviets, Trump's administration hasn't, because as the the article explains its divided Michael Pillsbury a Hudson Institute scholar close to the Trump team, see 3 scenarios
Pillsbury thinks the third is most likely to happen, even though the administration hasn't said that it has adopted that policy. The US is stepping efforts to draw in other trading partners. The US, EU and Japan have launched a WTO effort to crack down on domestic subsidies and technology transfers requirement. US and Domestic concerns with prompted some countries to restrict Huawei. The US is also seeking to walloff China from other trade deals. However, there are risk with this strategy

ARTICLE

Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

INTRODUCTION

My main criticism of this article is it tries like the vast majority of articles to fit US trade actions in the larger context of US geopolitical strategy. Even the author isn't certain "The first goes to the heart of Mr. Trump’s goal. If his aim is to hold back China’s advance, economists predict he will fail.". If you try to treat the trade "war" and US geopolitical strategy toward China as one, you will find yourself quickly frustrated and confused. If you treat them separately with their different set of stakeholders and histories, were they intersect with regards to China, but diverge. During the Cold War, trade policy toward the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc was subordinated to geopolitical concerns. For Trump, the trade issues are more important than geopolitical strategy. His protectionist trade rhetoric has been fairly consistent since 1980s. In his administration, the top cabinet members holding economic portfolios, those of Commerce, Treasury and US Trade Representative are the same people he picked when he first took office. The Director of the Economic Council has changed hands once, its role isn't as important as the National Security Advisor. While State, Defense, CIA, Homeland Security, UN Ambassador, National Security Advisor have changed hands at least once. Only the Director of National Intelligence hasn't changed.
International Trade makes up 1/4 of the US economy, and like national security its primarily the responsibility of the Federal government. States in the US don't implement their own tariffs. If you add the impact of Treasury policy and how it relates to capital flows in and out of the US, the amounts easily exceed the size of the US economy. Furthermore, because of US Dollar role as the reserve currency and US control of over global system the impact of Treasury are global. Trade policy and investment flows runs through two federal departments Commerce and Treasury and for trade also USTR. Defense spending makes up 3.3% of GDP, and if you add in related homeland security its at most 4%. Why would anyone assume that these two realms be integrated let alone trade policy subordinate to whims of a national security bureaucracy in most instances? With North Korea or Iran, trade and investment subordinate themselves to national security, because to Treasury and Commerce bureaucrats and their affiliated interest groups, Iran and the DPRK are well, economic midgets, but China is a different matter.
The analysis will be divided into four sections. The first will be to provide a brief overview of US trade policy since 1914. The second section will discuss why the US is going after China on trade issues, and why the US has resorted using a bilateral approach as opposed to going through the WTO. The third section we will talk about how relations with China is hashed out in the US.
The reason why I submitted this article, because there aren't many post trying to explain US-China Trade War from a trade perspective. Here is a post titled "What is the Reasons for America's Trade War with China, and not one person mentioned Article 301 or China's WTO Commitments. You get numerous post saying that Huawei is at heart of the trade war. Its fine, but if you don't know what was inside the USTR Investigative report that lead to the tariffs. its like skipping dinner and only having dessert When the US President, Donald J Trump, says he wants to negotiate a better trade deal with other countries, and has been going on about for the last 35 years, longer than many of you have been alive, why do people think that the key issues with China aren't primarily about trade at the moment.

OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE ORIENTATION

Before 1940s, the US could be categorized as a free market protectionist economy. For many this may seem like oxymoron, how can an economy be free market and protectionist? In 1913, government spending made up about 7.5% of US GDP, in the UK it was 13%, and for Germany 18% (Public Spending in the 20th Century A Global Perspective: Ludger Schuknecht and Vito Tanzi - 2000). UK had virtual zero tariffs, while for manufactured goods in France it was 20%, 13% Germany, 9% Belgium and 4% Netherlands. For raw materials and agricultural products, it was almost zero. In contrast, for the likes of United States, Russia and Japan it was 44%, 84% and 30% respectively. Even though in 1900 United States was an economic powerhouse along with Germany, manufactured exports only made up 30% of exports, and the US government saw tariffs as exclusively a domestic policy matter and didn't see tariffs as something to be negotiated with other nations. The US didn't have the large constituency to push the government for lower tariffs abroad for their exports like in Britain in the 1830-40s (Reluctant Partners: A History of Multilateral Trade Cooperation, 1850-2000).
The Underwood Tariffs Act of 1913 which legislated the income tax, dropped the tariffs to 1850 levels levels.Until 16th amendment was ratified in 1913 making income tax legal, all US federal revenue came from excise and tariffs. In contrast before 1914, about 50% of UK revenue came from income taxes. The reason for US reluctance to introduced income tax was ideological and the United State's relative weak government compared to those in Europe. After the First World War, the US introduced the Emergency Tariff Act of 1921, than the Fordney–McCumber Tariff of 1922 followed by a Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930. Contrary to popular opinion, the Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930 had a small negative impact on the economy, since imports and exports played a small part of the US economy, and the tariffs were lower than the average that existed from 1850-1914.
Immediately after the Second World War, when the US economy was the only industrialized economy left standing, the economic focus was on rehabilitation and monetary stability. There was no grandiose and ideological design. Bretton Woods system linked the US dollar to gold to create monetary stability, and to avoid competitive devaluation and tariffs that plagued the world economy after Britain took itself off the gold in 1931. The US$ was the natural choice, because in 1944 2/3 of the world's gold was in the US. One reason why the Marshall Plan was created was to alleviate the chronic deficits Europeans countries had with the US between 1945-50. It was to rebuild their economies so they could start exports good to the US. Even before it was full implemented in 1959, it was already facing problems, the trade surpluses that the US was running in the 1940s, turned to deficits as European and Japanese economies recovered. By 1959, Federal Reserves foreign liabilities had already exceeded its gold reserves. There were fears of a run on the US gold supply and arbitrage. A secondary policy of the Bretton woods system was curbs on capital outflows to reduce speculation on currency pegs, and this had a negative impact on foreign investment until it was abandoned in 1971. It wasn't until the 1980s, where foreign investment recovered to levels prior to 1914. Factoring out the big spike in global oil prices as a result of the OPEC cartel, it most likely wasn't until the mid-1990s that exports as a % of GDP had reached 1914 levels.
Until the 1980s, the US record regarding free trade and markets was mediocre. The impetus to remove trade barriers in Europe after the Second World War was driven by the Europeans themselves. The EEC already had a custom union in 1968, Canada and the US have yet to even discuss implementing one. Even with Canada it took the US over 50 years to get a Free Trade Agreement. NAFTA was inspired by the success of the EEC. NAFTA was very much an elite driven project. If the Americans put the NAFTA to a referendum like the British did with the EEC in the seventies, it most likely wouldn't pass. People often look at segregation in the US South as a political issue, but it was economic issue as well. How could the US preach free trade, when it didn't have free trade in its own country. Segregation was a internal non-tariff barrier. In the first election after the end of the Cold War in 1992, Ross Perot' based most of independent run for the Presidency on opposition to NAFTA. He won 19% of the vote. Like Ross Perot before him, Donald Trump is not the exception in how America has handled tariffs since the founding of the Republic, but more the norm.
The embrace of free trade by the business and political elite can be attributed to two events. After the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, a strong vested interest in the US in the form of multinationals and Wall Street emerged advocating for removal of tariffs and more importantly the removal of restrictions on free flow of capital, whether direct foreign investment in portfolio investment. However, the political class embrace of free trade and capital only really took off after the collapse of the Soviet Union propelled by Cold War triumphalism.
As mentioned by the article, the US is reverting back to a pre-WTO relations with China. As Robert Lighthizer said in speech in 2000
I guess my prescription, really, is to move back to more of a negotiating kind of a settlement. Return to WTO and what it really was meant to be. Something where you have somebody make a decision but have it not be binding.
The US is using financial and legal instruments developed during the Cold War like its extradition treaties (with Canada and Europe), and Section 301. Here is a very good recent article about enforcement commitment that China will make.‘Painful’ enforcement ahead for China if trade war deal is reached with US insisting on unilateral terms
NOTE: It is very difficult to talk about US-China trade war without a basic knowledge of global economic history since 1914. What a lot of people do is politicize or subordinate the economic history to the political. Some commentators think US power was just handed to them after the Second World War, when the US was the only industrialized economy left standing. The dominant position of the US was temporary and in reality its like having 10 tonnes of Gold sitting in your house, it doesn't automatically translate to influence. The US from 1945-1989 was slowly and gradually build her influence in the non-Communist world. For example, US influence in Canada in the 1960s wasn't as strong as it is now. Only 50% of Canadian exports went to the US in 1960s vs 80% at the present moment.

BASIS OF THE US TRADE DISCUSSION WITH CHINA

According to preliminary agreement between China and the US based on unnamed sources in the Wall Street Journal article US, China close in on Trade Deal. In this article it divides the deal in two sections. The first aspects have largely to do with deficits and is political.
As part of a deal, China is pledging to help level the playing field, including speeding up the timetable for removing foreign-ownership limitations on car ventures and reducing tariffs on imported vehicles to below the current auto tariff of 15%. Beijing would also step up purchases of U.S. goods—a tactic designed to appeal to President Trump, who campaigned on closing the bilateral trade deficit with China. One of the sweeteners would be an $18 billion natural-gas purchase from Cheniere Energy Inc., people familiar with the transaction said.
The second part will involve the following.
  1. Commitment Regarding Industrial Policy
  2. Provisions to protect IP
  3. Mechanism which complaints by US companies can be addressed
  4. Bilateral meetings adjudicate disputes. If talks don't produce agreement than US can raise tariffs unilaterally
This grouping of conditions is similar to the points filled under the 301 investigation which serve the basis for initiating the tariffs. I have been reading some sources that say this discussion on this second group of broader issues could only be finalized later
The official justifications for placing the tariffs on Chinese goods is found under the March 2018 investigation submitted by the office of the President to Congress titled FINDINGS OF THE INVESTIGATION INTO CHINA’S ACTS, POLICIES, AND PRACTICES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, AND INNOVATION UNDER SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974. From this investigation the United States Trade Representative (USTR) place US Tariffs on Chinese goods as per Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. Here is a press release by the USTR listing the reasons for placing tariffs, and the key section from the press release. Specifically, the Section 301 investigation revealed:
In the bigger context of trade relations between US and China, China is not honoring its WTO commitments, and the USTR issued its yearly report to Congress in early February about the status of China compliance with its WTO commitments. The points that served as a basis for applying Section 301, also deviate from her commitments as Clinton's Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky paving the way for a trade war. Barshefsky argues that China's back sliding was happening as early as 2006-07, and believes the trade war could have been avoided has those commitments been enforced by previous administrations.
I will provide a brief overview of WTO membership and China's process of getting into the WTO.
WTO members can be divided into two groups, first are countries that joined in 1995-97, and were members of GATT, than there are the second group that joined after 1997. China joined in 2001. There is an argument that when China joined in 2001, she faced more stringent conditions than other developing countries that joined before, because the vast majority of developing countries were members of GATT, and were admitted to the WTO based on that previous membership in GATT. Here is Brookings Institute article published in 2001 titled "Issues in China’s WTO Accession"
This question is all the more puzzling because the scope and depth of demands placed on entrants into the formal international trading system have increased substantially since the formal conclusion of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1994, which expanded the agenda considerably by covering many services, agriculture, intellectual property, and certain aspects of foreign direct investment. Since 1994, the international community has added agreements covering information technology, basic telecommunications services, and financial services. WTO membership now entails liberalization of a much broader range of domestic economic activity, including areas that traditionally have been regarded by most countries as among the most sensitive, than was required of countries entering the WTO’s predecessor organization the GATT.
The terms of China’s protocol of accession to the World Trade Organization reflect the developments just described and more. China’s market access commitments are much more far-reaching than those that governed the accession of countries only a decade ago. And, as a condition for membership, China was required to make protocol commitments that substantially exceed those made by any other member of the World Trade Organization, including those that have joined since 1995. The broader and deeper commitments China has made inevitably will entail substantial short-term economic costs.
What are the WTO commitments Barshefsky goes on about? When countries join the WTO, particularly those countries that weren't members of GATT and joined after 1997, they have to work toward fulfilling certain commitments. There are 4 key documents when countries make an accession to WTO membership, the working party report, the accession protocol paper, the goods schedule and service schedule.
In the working party report as part of the conclusion which specifies the commitment of each member country what they will do in areas that aren't compliant with WTO regulations on the date they joined. The problem there is no good enforcement mechanism for other members to force China to comply with these commitments. And WTO punishments are weak.
Here is the commitment paragraph for China
"The Working Party took note of the explanations and statements of China concerning its foreign trade regime, as reflected in this Report. The Working Party took note of the commitments given by China in relation to certain specific matters which are reproduced in paragraphs 18-19, 22-23, 35-36, 40, 42, 46-47, 49, 60, 62, 64, 68, 70, 73, 75, 78-79, 83-84, 86, 91-93, 96, 100-103, 107, 111, 115-117, 119-120, 122-123, 126-132, 136, 138, 140, 143, 145, 146, 148, 152, 154, 157, 162, 165, 167-168, 170-174, 177-178, 180, 182, 184-185, 187, 190-197, 199-200, 203-207, 210, 212-213, 215, 217, 222-223, 225, 227-228, 231-235, 238, 240-242, 252, 256, 259, 263, 265, 270, 275, 284, 286, 288, 291, 292, 296, 299, 302, 304-305, 307-310, 312-318, 320, 322, 331-334, 336, 339 and 341 of this Report and noted that these commitments are incorporated in paragraph 1.2 of the Draft Protocol. "
This is a tool by the WTO that list all the WTO commitment of each country in the working paper. In the goods and service schedule they have commitments for particular sectors. Here is the a press release by the WTO in September 2001, after successfully concluding talks for accession, and brief summary of key areas in which China hasn't fulfilled her commitments. Most of the commitments made by China were made to address its legacy as a non-market economy and involvement of state owned enterprises. In my opinion, I think the US government and investors grew increasingly frustrated with China, after 2007 not just because of China's back sliding, but relative to other countries who joined after 1997 like Vietnam, another non-market Leninist dictatorship. When comparing China's commitments to the WTO its best to compare her progress with those that joined after 1997, which were mostly ex-Soviet Republics.
NOTE: The Chinese media have for two decades compared any time the US has talked about China's currency manipulation or any other issue as a pretext for imposing tariffs on China to the Plaza Accords. I am very sure people will raise it here. My criticism of this view is fourfold. First, the US targeted not just Japan, but France, Britain and the UK as well. Secondly, the causes of the Japan lost decade were due largely to internal factors. Thirdly, Japan, UK, Britain and France in the 1980s, the Yuan isn't undervalued today. Lastly, in the USTR investigation, its China's practices that are the concern, not so much the trade deficit.

REASONS FOR TRUMPS UNILATERAL APPROACH

I feel that people shouldn't dismiss Trump's unilateral approach toward China for several reasons.
  1. The multilateral approach won't work in many issues such as the trade deficit, commercial espionage and intellectual property, because US and her allies have different interest with regard to these issues. Germany and Japan and trade surpluses with China, while the US runs a deficit. In order to reach a consensus means the West has to compromise among themselves, and the end result if the type of toothless resolutions you commonly find in ASEAN regarding the SCS. Does America want to "compromise" its interest to appease a politician like Justin Trudeau? Not to mention opposition from domestic interest. TPP was opposed by both Clinton and Trump during the election.
  2. You can't launch a geopolitical front against China using a newly formed trade block like the TPP. Some of the existing TPP members are in economic groups with China, like Malaysia and Australia.
  3. China has joined a multitude of international bodies, and at least in trade, these bodies haven't changed its behavior.
  4. Dealing with China, its a no win situation whether you use a tough multilateral / unilateral approach. If the US endorse a tough unilateral approach gives the impression that the US is acting like the British during the Opium War. If you take a concerted Western approach you are accused of acting like the 8 Powers Alliance in 1900.
  5. Trump was elected to deal with China which he and his supporters believe was responsible for the loss of millions manufacturing jobs when China joined the WTO in 2001. It is estimate the US lost 6 Million jobs, about 1/4 of US manufacturing Jobs. This has been subsequently advanced by some economists. The ball got rolling when Bill Clinton decided to grant China Most Favored Nation status in 1999, just a decade after Tiananmen.
  6. China hasn't dealt with issues like IP protection, market access, subsidies to state own companies and state funded industrial spying.
To his credit, Trump has said his aim was not to overthrow authoritarian governments, and that even applies to the likes of Iran. The Arab spring scared Russia and China, because the US for a brief moment placed the spread of democracy over its security interest.

UNDERSTANDING HOW THE US MAKES DECISIONS REGARDING CHINA

At this moment, China or the trade war isn't an area of great concern for the American public, among international issues it ranks lower than international terrorism, North Korea and Iran's nuclear program.
According to the survey, 39 percent of the country views China’s growing power as a “critical threat” to Americans. That ranked it only eighth among 12 potential threats listed and placed China well behind the perceived threats from international terrorism (66 percent), North Korea’s nuclear program (59 percent) and Iran’s nuclear program (52 percent). It’s also considerably lower than when the same question was asked during the 1990s, when more than half of those polled listed China as a critical threat. That broadly tracks with a recent poll from the Pew Research Center that found concern about U.S.-China economic issues had decreased since 2012.
In looking at how US conducts relations foreign policy with China, we should look at it from the three areas of most concern - economic, national security and ideology. Each sphere has their interest groups, and sometimes groups can occupy two spheres at once. Security experts are concerned with some aspects of China's economic actions like IP theft and industrial policy (China 2025), because they are related to security. In these sphere there are your hawks and dove. And each sphere is dominated by certain interest groups. That is why US policy toward China can often appear contradictory. You have Trump want to reduce the trade deficit, but security experts advocating for restrictions on dual use technology who are buttressed by people who want export restrictions on China, as a way of getting market access.
Right now the economic concerns are most dominant, and the hawks seem to dominate. The economic hawks traditionally have been domestic manufacturing companies and economic nationalist. In reality the hawks aren't dominant, but the groups like US Companies with large investment in China and Wall Street are no longer defending China, and some have turned hawkish against China. These US companies are the main conduit in which China's lobby Congress, since China only spends 50% of what Taiwan spends lobbying Congress.
THE ANGLO SAXON WORLD AND CHINA
I don't think many Chinese even those that speak English, have a good understanding Anglo-Saxon society mindset. Anglo Saxons countries, whether US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland are commerce driven society governed by sanctity of contracts. The English great philosophical contributions to Western philosophy have primarily to do with economics and politics like Adam Smith, John Locke, David Hume and Thomas Hobbes. This contrast with the French and Germans. Politics in the UK and to a lesser extent the US, is centered around economics, while in Mainland Europe its religion. When the Americans revolted against the British Empire in 1776, the initial source of the grievances were taxes.
Outside of East Asia, the rest of the World's relationship with China was largely commercial, and for United States, being an Anglosaxon country, even more so. In Southeast Asia, Chinese aren't known for high culture, but for trade and commerce. Outside Vietnam, most of Chinese loans words in Southeast Asian languages involve either food or money. The influence is akin to Yiddish in English.
Some people point to the Mao and Nixon meeting as great strategic breakthrough and symbol of what great power politics should look like. The reality is that the Mao-Nixon meeting was an anomaly in the long history of relations with China and the West. Much of China-Western relations over the last 500 years was conducted by multitudes of nameless Chinese and Western traders. The period from 1949-1979 was the only period were strategic concerns triumphed trade, because China had little to offer except instability and revolution. Even in this period, China's attempt to spread revolution in Southeast Asia was a threat to Western investments and corporate interest in the region. During the nadir of both the Qing Dynasty and Republican period, China was still engaged in its traditional commercial role. Throughout much of history of their relations with China, the goals of Britain and the United States were primarily economic,
IMAGINE JUST 10% OF CHINA BOUGHT MY PRODUCT
From the beginning, the allure of China to Western businesses and traders has been its sheer size I. One of the points that the USTR mentions is lack of market access for US companies operating in China, while Chinese companies face much less restrictions operating in the US.
This is supported by remarks by Henry Paulson and Charlene Barshefsky. As Paulson remarked
Trade with China has hurt some American workers. And they have expressed their grievances at the ballot box.
So while many attribute this shift to the Trump Administration, I do not. What we are now seeing will likely endure for some time within the American policy establishment. China is viewed—by a growing consensus—not just as a strategic challenge to the United States but as a country whose rise has come at America’s expense. In this environment, it would be helpful if the US-China relationship had more advocates. That it does not reflects another failure:
In large part because China has been slow to open its economy since it joined the WTO, the American business community has turned from advocate to skeptic and even opponent of past US policies toward China. American business doesn’t want a tariff war but it does want a more aggressive approach from our government. How can it be that those who know China best, work there, do business there, make money there, and have advocated for productive relations in the past, are among those now arguing for more confrontation? The answer lies in the story of stalled competition policy, and the slow pace of opening, over nearly two decades. This has discouraged and fragmented the American business community. And it has reinforced the negative attitudinal shift among our political and expert classes. In short, even though many American businesses continue to prosper in China, a growing number of firms have given up hope that the playing field will ever be level. Some have accepted the Faustian bargain of maximizing today’s earnings per share while operating under restrictions that jeopardize their future competitiveness. But that doesn’t mean they’re happy about it. Nor does it mean they aren’t acutely aware of the risks — or thinking harder than ever before about how to diversify their risks away from, and beyond, China.
What is interesting about Paulson's speech is he spend only one sentence about displaced US workers, and a whole paragraph about US business operating in China. While Kissinger writes books about China, how much does he contribute to both Democrats and the Republicans during the election cycle? China is increasingly makING it more difficult for US companies operating and those exporting products to China.

CONTINUED

submitted by weilim to IntlScholars [link] [comments]

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【翻译Quora上一篇问答】中国是否正在面临一次银行危机(谈到房地产) by phoebeDD on 2016-10-04

Is China really facing a banking crisis? What are its origins?
(中国是否正在面对一次银行危机?其根源又是什么?)



According to a recent article titled China facing full-blown banking crisis, world's top financial watchdog war
ns published in the Telegraph:
(根据近期电讯文章报道:“世界顶级金融观察者发出警告:中国正在面临全面的银行危机”)
China has failed to curb excesses in its credit system and faces mounting risks of a full-blown banking crisis
(中国已对债务违约失去控制,他们正在面对随之而来的全面性银行危机)
(中国债务/GDP 占比图)


Financial Crises

International Economics

The Economy

China

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Robin Daverman, Dealmaker
Written Sep 27


Ah, but maybe you want to look around a bit and see how China’s total debt is compared with other economies, like this?
(你可能想看看其他经济体与中国的债务情况相比是怎么样的,如下图)

(G10债务分布图)
If you put China’s data on this chart, it will be somewhere around Canada and New Zealand. Guess Which Country Has Debt Of Nearly 1000% Of GDP... Shocking, isn’t it?
如果你将中国的数据插入上图进行比较的话,中国的数据大约会在加拿大和新西兰之间。猜猜看哪个国家债务大约是自己GDP的10倍....(英国)非常震惊吧
UK has almost 1000% Debt-to-GDP ratio, compared with China’s < 300% Debt-to-GDP ratio, mostly because of that over-sized financial debt - at the end of the day, the government must stand behind it. On top of that, the UK has no resource to sell, hardly any industry left, going through a divorce with EU, and almost never ever meets her fiscal targets. And yet, UK, with its near 1000% debt-to-GDP ratio, is still viewed as the gold standard among safe havens. PRESENTING: The Rosetta Stone Of The Entire Sovereign Debt Crisis Why? Because UK issues debt in her own currency. And who prints the pound? The UK government.
英国的债务/GDP占比将近1000%而中国只是小于300%,其原因是其过于庞大的金融债务——政府最终将不得不为之站台。在此之上,英国没用可出售的资源,没有任何本国工业,正在脱离欧盟,而且英国基本上从来没有达成其财务目标。即使如此,英国仍然被某些传媒视为安全经济体的黄金标准。其原因就是英债都以英镑的方式结算。那么是谁印英镑的呢?英国政府。
Then you take a look at Japan, wow that’s 600%+ debt-to-GDP ratio! But - Japan’s debt is not only mostly internal, in Japanese Yen, but also with 0% or even negative interest. You can roll this kind of debt over practically forever. That’s why people have been yelling about Japanese debt for the last 20 years, and nothing happens.
然后你看看日本,将近600%的债务/GDP占比!但是,日本的债务几乎都是内部的,以日元的形式出售的债务,而且日本是0利率甚至是负利率。实际上这种债务你可以无限积累下去(经济常识:如果是负利率,政府只要保持债务不变,多出来的部分会自行消失)。这就是为啥人们对日债担心了20年但屁事没有发生。
Then you take a look at those economies that have blown up on debt:
Argentina: Government/Sovereign debt in USD, with jurisdiction in New York!Greece: Government/Sovereign debt in Euro, with jurisdiction in Brussels!Iceland: External financial debt → nationalized into Government/Sovereign debt in USD and Euro alone was 700%+ GDP in 2008, with jurisdiction in New York and Brussels.
然后你看看那些因债务问题毁掉的经济体:
阿根廷:政府/主权债务以美元形式结算,其裁判权在纽约!希腊:政府/主权债务以欧元方式结算,其裁判权在布鲁塞尔!冰岛:外部金融债务→债务国有化后2008年政府/主权债务以美元和欧元的形式达到GDP的700%,其裁判权在纽约和布鲁塞尔
Then you look at China, with her debt almost entirely internal, in Chinese RMB to Chinese citizens, government debt at 55%, lower than the US, Japan, and EU average, in her own currency. China’s external debt is about 9% of GDP, globally ranked 184th (less than North Korea, similar to Kosovo) - anyway you look at it, it’s hardly the kind of material to make a banking crisis. China is borrowing a little bit from her own piggy bank. Argentina/Greece/Iceland were borrowing a lot from the Mafia.
然后你看看中国,中国的债务基本都是内部以人民币结算的。中国政府债务只占总债务的55%,比美国,日本和欧盟都要低,再次强调,其债务以人民币结算。中国外部债务只占GDP的9%,全球排行184位(比朝鲜低,比科索沃高)。无论怎么看,你都不会看到中国有任何银行危机的迹象。中国只是向其国内贪心的银行借钱。阿根廷/希腊/冰岛可是像美国欧盟这些黑手党借钱。
PS: The most significant increase in China’s debt is in the financial sector, driven by rising real estate price (which means higher value of housing loans). Right now, the Chinese government is basically using it as a tool to do macro-economic engineering. The goal is to cap urban growth in top tier cities (Beijing, Shanghai, etc.) and push the economic growth to second- and third- tier cities (Hangzhou, the city that just hosted G20, is an example.http://www.g20.org/English/Hangzhou/About/index.html Now you can look back and see why the Chinese government decided to host G20 in a city nobody has ever heard of). This is clearly stated by the Chinese government like 100 times since last year in the official news channels. The reason? Top tier Chinese cities like Shanghai (25 million) already have more city residents than the whole nation of Australia! The metropolitan area of Shanghai (44 million) has more people than the entire population of Canada! In one city! Beijing’s population grew by 8 million within the last decade! The place is simply full.List of cities in China by population and built-up area
PS: 中国最显著的债务增长是在其金融领域内不断升高的房价造成的(不断增高的房贷造成债务问题)。现在中国政府正在利用房价作为宏观经济调控的工具。其目的是限制一线城市的城市化进程和加速二三线城市的发展(刚刚举办了G20的杭州就是个例子,现在你就能知道为啥中国政府将G20放在一个没人听说过的城市举行了)。这些政策中国政府已经在官媒上宣布了无数次。原因就是一线城市,例如上海(2500万人口),其居民数量比阿根廷全国人口还要多!上海都市圈(4400万人口)的人口数量比加拿大全国还要多!北京人口数量在过去的10年内增长了800万!这些城市的人口数量已经饱和了。
In addition to real estate prices, the Chinese government is also doing stuff like restricting residents permits, disallowing second or third homes, even restricting jobs to local residents, everything to say “this place is full. We have these other nice choices, with lower housing prices. Go there.” Young people complaining about housing prices in tier-one cities? But that’s the whole point. The debt you have to take on to live in tier-one cities SHOULD SCARE YOU OFF. The Chinese government is trying to stop the influx of people pouring into tier-one cities, and get these smart and energetic youths to go build two, three, four, five. … more Shanghai’s in other parts of China. 1.4 billion people can’t all fit into tier-one cities.
除了以房地产为手段,中国政府也加强控制了居住证的发放,禁止第二/三套房买入甚至对本地居民的工作种类进行限制,这些都是为了表达一个意思:这些地方都人满为患了。二三线城市有更低的房价和更好的生活条件,快点去那里吧!年轻人都在抱怨一线城市的高房价?但这就是中国政府想要的。你在一线城市生存需要的代价会把你吓退。中国政府正在尝试控制一线城市的人口流入而让有技术和充满活力的年轻人去建设二三四五线城市——让更多的上海出现在国家的其他地方。14亿人口是没可能全部都聚集在一线城市的。
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Paul Denlinger, Involved in China economics study
Written Sep 27


There is too much debt, and a lot of it is likely to turn into bad debt, but that does not equal a banking crisis.
是因为中国贷款太多了,而这些贷款大多数会变成不良贷款,但这些都不等银行危机
Banking crisis may be a nice term to bandy around and get clicks and headlines, but does not really explain what is going on.
银行危机或许是一个十分吸引眼球的头条,但是根本就不能解释实际的情况
There was a lot of debt financing, especially after the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis in the US. In order to keep the economy on a steady keel, the Chinese government, through its banks, pumped money to Chinese state-owned enterprises, in order to keep high employment and maintain an image of “growth”. A lot of this money then found its way into the underground banking system through “wealth management products” and other means. A lot of this has turned into bad debt.
中国政府有过很多次债务融资,特别是08年美国次贷危机之后。为了稳住经济增长,中国政府通过银行将大量人民币注入到国企内以维持就业率和高增长的形象。但这些钱最终大都以理财产品和其他形式流进了地下钱庄。这些大部分都变成了不良贷款。
Another problem area, which frequently overlaps with the “wealth management products” is the local government financing vehicle used to fund local property development, which I have discussed here: Paul Denlinger's answer to Why does China have so many ghost towns?
另一个有问题的领域,和“理财产品”有莫大关联的,就是地方政府为当地基础建设所采用的金融工具(我在这个地方有详细的分析:https://www.quora.com/Why-does-China-have-so-many-ghost-towns/answePaul-Denlinger?srid=tR&share=22b99cfc
What is likely to happen in China is that growth will slow down in some areas, while there will be certain newer parts of the economy which will continue to grow. If the Chinese government is able to support the newer parts of the economy and help them to grow, while cutting back on loans to the weaker parts of the economy, it may be able to handle this transition better.
最可能发生的情况就是中国的经济增长将会放缓,但是肯定会用新的增站点。如果中国政府能支持新的增长点而且能减低夕阳工业的不良贷款率,那么或许能更好地度过过渡期。
This is exactly what the Chinese government is trying to do and you can read about it here:Here is how China is going to quietly save its economy
这些正是中国政府正在尝试去做的,你可以读读这个文章了解一下:http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2022491/china-deploys-policy-banks-stealth-mission-stimulate-growth
So, if you are expecting there to be a dramatic run on the banks, and the Chinese people to take to the streets and overthrow the Chinese Communist Party, and become a full-blown democracy like Taiwan, Japan or South Korea, you are very likely to be disappointed.
所以,如果你是期待一次强烈的bank run(自行百度啥是bank run),然后中国人民上街推翻TG,中国大陆变成与台湾,日本韩国一样的政体,那么你要失望了。
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Nikhil Ambhorkar, Self studied Finance.
Written Sep 26


Is China facing a Banking crisis?
中国是在面临一个银行危机吗?
Yes.

Is it facing a full blown Banking crisis?
中国正在面临一个全面性的银行危机吗?
No.

Combined debt of China is almost 300% of its GDP. But the the categorized in 4 parts as it is shown in the image with the question too.
中国的总债务大概是GDP的300%。但是分在了如图所示的4个领域内。
The corporate debt has the lion's portion of the total debt. The household debt and non corporate debt are nothing to worry about because it is less many other developed countries and has some room to grow.
公司债务在总债务中占了大头。个人债务和非公司债务根本没啥可担心的因为这些比大多数发达国家还要低所以还有增长的空间。
Government Debt is not too big when compared to standards set by many global institutions like IMF, World Bank, etc.
政府债务以多数国际组织,例如世行和IMF,设定得标准来看其实不高。
The only major concern which is of a serious magnitude is the corporate debt. This is also reiterated by many economists.
最主要的关注点就是公司债务了。许多经济学家都重申了这点无数次了。
Now the problem with China is that data that comes out of major Chinese institutions is murky so their are many different types of estimates by many different institutions but the common theme in it is corporate debt and its size.
中国最大的问题就是中国国内组织公布的数据来源不清晰所以不同的国际组织对中国经济的实际情况估算会不一样。但所有组织最关心的都是中国的公司债务与其规模。
Corporate debt consists of debt owned by state owned corporations and private corporations. Private corporations in China are generally crowded out by the state owned corporations because of connections and political agenda.
公司债务又分成了国企和私企的债务。中国私企大多数收到国企排挤,这是有政体造成的。
Many state owned corporations have invested into unproductive projects as a result of excess boost given by government after 2008 to prop up the economy. This has resulted in a huge amount of NPAs. So, in all the major problem is state owned corporations piling up huge amount of debt. To solve this problem, the government tried to convert the debt into shares which the bank owns and can recover money through profit dividends but this was one of the causes for last year's stock market crash.
在08年过度的经济刺激政策下,很多国企在许多无效益项目上投了许多钱。这造成了大量的无效能资产。所以,最大的问题是国企堆积了大量债务。为了解决这个问题,政府正在尝试将国企的债务转化为股份,那么银行就能将债务转化为红利而最终将债务收回了。但这造成了上年的股灾.....
Hence, it is a big crisis but not the one government cannot handle with so much trade surplus and forex reserves. But actions are definitely needed to stop it from growing into a bigger problem.
所以,这是一个危机但仍然是政府能控制的,毕竟中国政府有大量贸易顺差和外汇储备。但是仍然需要实际行动来防止事态的扩展。
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TokenTuber and Hotbit AMA Recap

TokenTuber and Hotbit AMA Recap

https://preview.redd.it/j1tck5agjop31.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3c263e485108fb2e1945d4fd87ebe6bbe7e6a890
On September 28, we had an AMA in Hotbit’s telegram community to celebrate our successful IEO on Hotbit and subsequent listing. The IEO was oversold by over 25X! Here are the questions and answers we have recorded to share with you.
1) Can you briefly explain TokenTuber to us?
TokenTuber is a curated video content platform combined with a token economy that initially targets blockchain novices and crypto traders globally. TokenTuber combines concepts from platforms like YouTube and Steemit with lessons from building cryptocurrencies and their communities. All contributors of the TokenTuber platform can expect to be rewarded fairly for their contributions.
2) Why did you guys start TokenTuber?
We are trying to lower the barriers to entry for novices and create mass adoption for blockchain and cryptocurrency, hoping one day that everyone who has heard about blockchain or bitcoin will have and use cryptocurrency.
3) How does TokenTuber work?
Anyone can upload a blockchain/crypto related video by submitting a Youtube URL on TokenTuber, and anyone can invite the video producers to claim their videos. Each video will have certain value (TUBER) associated with it depending on how many upvotes the video gets, each user can upvote 5 videos a day for the videos they like. The more viral the video is, the more TUBER the video producer will get, and so will those users who upvoted that video.
TokenTuber will collaborate with YouTube instead of competing, and will redirect all these video links back to YouTube. TokenTuber’s token is called TUBER, and will be used to pay out all the platform’s rewards.
4) What can users gain from TokenTuber?
TokenTuber will reward all platform contributors, whether its content creation, content discovery (upvote + investment game to top videos), or content curation (report of inappropriate videos).
Also, users will have access to curated content specifically designed to educate users on all topics in the blockchain and cryptocurrency space.
5) What’s TUBER’s tokenomics and what is the utility of TUBER?
Besides the behavior mining mentioned above that rewards all contributors, we designed a feature called “The Investment Game” where users will need to use TUBER. Users can invest in videos using TUBER to pin the video they like in the TOP category for 24 hours, thus increasing video’s exposure. Users who invest will have a chance to earn TUBER if there are follow-up investors in the same video. This innovative feature is first of its kind and will be released before end of this year.
6) Does TokenTuber have any partnerships that you would like to share?
We currently have 3 strategic partnerships and have announced two of them. One with SoPay, a crypto payments service platform and one with Quarkchain, a blockchain based on sharding technology. You can read about these partnerships and our other announcements here: https://www.tokentuber.com/announcement/
I will also explain a bit later how we partner with exchanges to form an exchange alliance. Stay tuned as we announce further partnerships!
7) Can you share more about your marketing plans going forward?
Our first big campaign will be the Crypto Beginner Quiz, similar to the concept of a driver’s license test. Those who fail the quiz are discouraged from holding crypto assets and we encourage them to learn more on TokenTuber first. We want to challenge users to see if they have what it takes to be an ‘Accredited Crypto Holder’. To make this quiz viral, we have set a 10K USD prize pool for the top 100 people who share the quiz. You can learn more here: https://www.tokentuber.com/quiz. What’s exciting is that we started this exchange alliance concept so the questionnaires can be designed with the top exchanges together. We hope that the traders will have the necessary knowledge before they begin trading.
We will be partnering with major Crypto Youtube KOLs as well, also big media is coming. Stay tuned.
8) Can you tell us more about TokenTuber’s roadmap?
You can see the image below of our upcoming roadmap and major milestones.

https://preview.redd.it/wmlw9dlujop31.png?width=864&format=png&auto=webp&s=278431872ecf20801189b069d07c456a956ec506
9) Have you planned to hold a meeting in Russia recently?
Currently we are busy working with online KOL’s and haven’t yet done anything offline yet, but we do welcome anyone who has offline resources to join our global ambassador partnership program.
10) How many users do you currently have? Did the community know you a lot?
We currently just started the marketing effort this month because our beta product was launched earlier this month, but we believe the user base will ramp up quite quickly due to our first viral marketing campaign of crypto beginner quiz.
11) As I know Contentos is also a content reward platform and listed on Binance already. So, do you think they will be a big competitor of TokenTuber? How is your project out standing compared to it or other projects which has same functions like this?
It appears to me that Contentos is competing with Steemit, not us, because our mission and vision are different. We are purely focused on delivering blockchain and crypto content to lower the barriers to entry for novices, see my AMA response for Question 2 regarding mission and vision and why we started TokenTuber.
12) What are the biggest challenges you expect to face and how do you plan to overcome these challenges?
Biggest challenge is fake accounts and bots that come and claim our giveaways/tokens, and we are designing over 10 ways to block them.
13) Your tagline is “TokenTuber — Your gateway to the crypto world.” Will this prevent you from focusing solely on Crypto — a market with too few people interested in stocks or forex?
Currently, the crypto market has very limited users, around 50 million crypto holders globally, what we are trying to accomplish is to tap into the mass market of 5 billion+ potential crypto holders whom have already heard about the blockchain/bitcoin buzz word, yet they are finding themselves with high barriers to entry or many doubts. So the educational component is a must to help these potential users to join into the crypto world, and we hope to be the first portal to help them accomplish this step.
14) With YouTube being so popular nowadays, can you develop it according to your own roadmap or merge?
Yes, Youtube is currently the most popular video education portal for the crypto world, but it’s not optimized for the crypto audience. Let’s say you search for EOS, and you will get results of a Canon eos camera. I think TokenTuber and Youtube can co-exist but we will have more curated videos with a better tag system for the crypto world, where Youtube will be a complete database of all videos, so users shall find our platform to be more efficient and effective to learn about crypto
15) Why did you choose Hotbit for IEO?
We chose Hotbit for a reason, I am also an investor myself, when I put on my investment hat and spoke with different exchange’s founders and management teams, I found that Hotbit is the next potential dark horse. They are very low profile yet their trading volume stats are already in top 20 on Coingecko after removing all the wash trading volumes. Also many of my friends in the crypto space recommended Hotbit and I personally met with the CEO of Hotbit and we enjoyed our chats. There are multiple reasons and we ended up picking Hotbit as our first exchange to partner with out of 5 exchanges that I am personally well connected with.
Follow us on our social media accounts:
Telegram: https://t.me/tokentuber
Twitter: https://twitter.com/tokentuber
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/tokentuber
Discord: https://discord.gg/ragC5Qx
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/Tokentuber
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/tokentube
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1.5 Months In: 6300 Views, 50 Subscribers (Write-Up)

On the 24th January 2018 I published my first blog post. Inspired by a few on here, I decided to tell the story of my first 1.5 months.
My blog is about trading financial markets (stocks, forex, crypto), as this is my full-time job. I wouldn't say that it's an oversaturated niche, but it certainly isn't empty. I have somewhat of a sub-niche, in that I have a maths degree and am known for being very statistics oriented.
Statistics:
Backend Stuff:
Content Generation:
This is the base of the blogging pyramid for me. If you don't have content, you don't have blog. Here is how I generate ideas:
Traffic Generation
Subscription Generation:
Going Forward:
I will probably do another update in a couple of months.
For now, I'm really happy with how it is going. My main takeaway is that I have discovered how cathartic writing can be, in amongst my incredibly stressful job. I hope you enjoyed the write-up! Feel free to ask any questions and any critiques!
submitted by EvreuxFX to Blogging [link] [comments]

Get $NOBS Listed on Gate.io!

Get $NOBS Listed on Gate.io!
🔥 All hands on deck!
We are working hard to get listed on new exchanges every day!
We would like to call on our community to help us get listed on gate.io.Gate.io is a top-50 exchange on CMC with appx $32M daily volume.
There are three easy steps
  1. Log in or register (no need to KYC) - https://gate.io/
  2. Please fill out the form found on this link - https://gate.io/listing (ALL OF THE INFORMATION YOU NEED IS AT THE BOTTOM)
⭐️ You might get the chance to win 1 ETH if you properly fill the form out! (paid by the exchange) ⭐️
⛔️ Please know that this doesn’t guarantee listing, but will get the gate.io team’s attention if they receive a lot of submitted applications from our community. Show them you want us listed!
👏 🙏 As always your support is so very much appreciated! We couldn't do this without all of you. Let's work together and try to get listed on another good exchange!
Dev Team Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Coin English Name: No BS Crypto
Coin Chinese Name: N/A
Coin Symbol: NOBS
ICO Date: N/A
Transferable Date: 2018/05/04
Token Blockchain: ETH
Token Contract Address: 0xf4faea455575354d2699bc209b0a65ca99f69982
Decimals: 18
Offical Website: https://nobscrypto.com/
Whitepaper Link: https://nobstoken.com/files/wp.pdf
Blockchain Explorer: https://etherscan.io/token/0xf4faea455575354d2699bc209b0a65ca99f69982?
Logo URL: https://imgur.com/Bw2AJuQ
Twitter Link: https://twitter.com/noBScrypto
Telegram Link: https://t.me/joinchat/Gn2Ocg_ugvLie-2VD7w4ig
English Project Introduction:
"Scams, frauds and pump and dump groups are prevalent in crypto today. How is the average crypto investor supposed to know which crypto project is legitimate and which is BS? Whether its an ICO, a Facebook group or an exchange - it's very hard to tell where your hard earned time or money can be safely spent.
The US has a centralized organization called the Better Business Bureau (BBB) to help consumers know which companies to avoid and which to trust. This organization is far from perfect, but it serves its purpose. There is no such organization for crypto. There are a few that attempt to offer rating services for ICOs, but those are fraught with pay-to-play manipulation, and the consumer is left wondering what is real and what is paid for or fake.
Crypto enthusiasts asks themselves the following types of questions and crypto projects every day:
""Is this telegram group a pump and dump group in disguise, or is it legitimate? Is this ICO a scam or a great opportunity? Are the founders who they say they are? Is their code spectacular? Is their white paper copy/pasted or original? Is this Twitter influencer REALLY stating his opinion, or was he merely paid to say that? Does this exchange have a history of hacks, or is my money safe here? Is this crypto podcast a waste of my time or does it actually offer value? Is this crypto Meetup group here in London a great group of people, or is it a sales pitch in disguise?""
$NOBS aims to be the answer to questions such as these and the solution to this major problem facing the world's newest asset class."
Chinese Introduction: [leave blank]
Total Supply: "10,000,000,000"
Circulating Supply: "734,531,783"
Token distribution: Airdrop
Initial Price: N/A
Trading Exchanges: "BitForex, CoinEx, Stocks.Exchange"
Other Instructions: N/A
submitted by the_perfesser to OfficialNoBSCrypto [link] [comments]

Raspberry Pi Home Dashboard

I had a few requests of my home dashboard, and wanted to share with everyone how I put it together.
What you'll need:
Step 1: Instructions to Set Up the Raspberry Pi Itself:
Step 2: Set up the HTML File to Display
/home/pi/html
  1. Background.png
  2. Dashboard.html
  3. News.html
  4. Map.html
  5. Stocks.html
  6. ToDo.html
  7. Weather.html
  8. Calendar.html
FINAL Comments. This project probably took me 1h to set up the pi. And 4ish hours stumbling around to get the dashboard set up. My only real outlay was a monitor mount and a new monitor. Best of luck!
EDIT Here is the link for the current version of the dashboard. I removed the traffic for the weekend, but this is the dashboard. I have some formatting I really want to do (headings et al), but this should be a decent start. I have also included the color scheme I used.
submitted by fuzzyaces to raspberry_pi [link] [comments]

THE DACC AND THE TRON INNOVATION


Cheer the cooperation between #DACC and #TRON in DApp Ecosystem! DACC has successfully launched its artificial intelligence project “HashAI” onto #TRON. Tron protocol is one of the largest blockchain-based operating system in the world!
https://preview.redd.it/ax9rdiqe5ci21.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=2aeb9e9013b57b10e7720c83ea5e11f2405d3f17
Listed on the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to Crypto_Alliance [link] [comments]

DACC MEETUP

DACC Meet Up today in Korea! Time: Jan. 11 14:00 - 17:00 (UTP+9) Theme: DACC initiates all its ecosystem in Korea Meeting agenda: 14:30 - 15:00 Signing in 15:00 - 15:45 Lucky Draw of the 3rd prize 100,000 DACC by Cofounder of DACC fund Sky for Establishing of DACC Korean Ecosystem 15:45 - 16:30 Lucky Draw of the 2nd prize 200,000 DACC by Partner of DACC Celine for Project Progress and Cooperation 16:30 - 17:00 Q&A, then Lucky Draw of the 1st prize 300,000 DACC

https://preview.redd.it/u4hbpq4qav921.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=5c0550b1f84cd5b97455140a8d443c15a8eb2215
Listed on the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper




submitted by 1xratedx to altcoin_critique [link] [comments]

Aim of DACC platform

Aim of DACC platform

https://preview.redd.it/unxgnrzz5ci21.jpg?width=680&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc72212961208fb3e7c2c4d7cd93daea6b35eb05
In the traditional digital media industry, publishers took a significant amount of profits, which deters the motivation of content creators. The highlight of the DACC protocols is to the tackle the imbalance between creators, curators, referrers, consumers and developers.
DACC aims to place content creators back to the center of the stage and eliminate the intermediaries that cause unnecessary friction of content creation. DACC will empower the content creators in the long run.
Listed on the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to CryptocurrencyICO [link] [comments]

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC will be listed on #Bgogo Exchange in 10th DEC & DACC will be listed on #Hotbit Exchange in 13th DEC #Blockchain

https://preview.redd.it/zfl7rlvaeh321.jpg?width=769&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3cfec5bad0d32230e06eff059888d55464eb318b
Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to CryptoCurrencyLive [link] [comments]

Dacc listed on bithumb

🔥DACC is listed on #Bithumb, No.1 Korean exchange 🔥
⏱Start to Deposite NOW! ⏱Start to Trade at 19:00 (UTC+9)
Trading Competition is Ongoing! 1,500,000,000 ( 1.5 Billion) DACC to giveaway!
click here for more info
https://cafe.bithumb.com/view/board-contents/1639924?from=groupmessage&isappinstalled=0
🔥DACC officially announced the ecosystem #Airdrop plan in 2019🔥 Token valued $10 Million will distribute to DACC holders. DACC ecosystem project ROMAD will public specific rules soon. In addition, Coinchase, Amors, Upwallet and other projects will issue airdrop rules continuously.
🔥Happy Chinese New Year! Purchase and hold DACC, Share 5 Million DACC!🔥

https://preview.redd.it/wyn15lpvjag21.jpg?width=357&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e5607742c1b0e84f7b3ad5390ebd907d158be1ff

Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to altcoin_critique [link] [comments]

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC will be listed on #Bgogo Exchange in 10th DEC & DACC will be listed on #Hotbit Exchange in 13th DEC #Blockchain

https://preview.redd.it/85sec0xoeh321.jpg?width=769&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=afb3e8ceb1d3d232fbc47ec4b91b4e1401afda5d

Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

Trading Competition Dacc listed on bithumb

🔥DACC is listed on #Bithumb, No.1 Korean exchange 🔥
⏱Start to Deposite NOW! ⏱Start to Trade at 19:00 (UTC+9)
Trading Competition is Ongoing! 1,500,000,000 ( 1.5 Billion) DACC to giveaway!
click here for more info
https://cafe.bithumb.com/view/board-contents/1639924?from=groupmessage&isappinstalled=0
🔥DACC officially announced the ecosystem #Airdrop plan in 2019🔥 Token valued $10 Million will distribute to DACC holders. DACC ecosystem project ROMAD will public specific rules soon. In addition, Coinchase, Amors, Upwallet and other projects will issue airdrop rules continuously.
🔥Happy Chinese New Year! Purchase and hold DACC, Share 5 Million DACC!🔥

https://preview.redd.it/254g9klckag21.jpg?width=1116&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3879561ddc5592985006ff908bae7427003740b6
Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to Crypto_Alliance [link] [comments]

Dacc listed on bithumb

Dacc listed on bithumb
🔥DACC is listed on #Bithumb, No.1 Korean exchange 🔥
⏱Start to Deposite NOW! ⏱Start to Trade at 19:00 (UTC+9)
Trading Competition is Ongoing! 1,500,000,000 ( 1.5 Billion) DACC to giveaway!
click here for more info
https://cafe.bithumb.com/view/board-contents/1639924?from=groupmessage&isappinstalled=0
🔥DACC officially announced the ecosystem #Airdrop plan in 2019🔥 Token valued $10 Million will distribute to DACC holders. DACC ecosystem project ROMAD will public specific rules soon. In addition, Coinchase, Amors, Upwallet and other projects will issue airdrop rules continuously.
🔥Happy Chinese New Year! Purchase and hold DACC, Share 5 Million DACC!🔥

https://preview.redd.it/zyoa1jl2kag21.jpg?width=357&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4e697b02752b8d080dc89ff83c20656011816de1
Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to altcoin_news [link] [comments]

DACC MEETUP

DACC MEETUP
DACC Meet Up today in Korea! Time: Jan. 11 14:00 - 17:00 (UTP+9) Theme: DACC initiates all its ecosystem in Korea Meeting agenda: 14:30 - 15:00 Signing in 15:00 - 15:45 Lucky Draw of the 3rd prize 100,000 DACC by Cofounder of DACC fund Sky for Establishing of DACC Korean Ecosystem 15:45 - 16:30 Lucky Draw of the 2nd prize 200,000 DACC by Partner of DACC Celine for Project Progress and Cooperation 16:30 - 17:00 Q&A, then Lucky Draw of the 1st prize 300,000 DACC

https://preview.redd.it/qkmfx47zav921.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=e513c89dc278ff7a5478b7beb7cb07e4579bcec3
Listed on the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper




submitted by 1xratedx to CryptocurrencyReviews [link] [comments]

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC Will Be Listed on 3 Exchanges This week

DACC will be listed on #Bgogo Exchange in 10th DEC & DACC will be listed on #Hotbit Exchange in 13th DEC #Blockchain


https://preview.redd.it/93qp9ztmbh321.jpg?width=769&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4eb85d69988780e0df5b0276f1a34788c2051436
Dont forget you can also get DACC token from any of the following exchanges
DCE – Check here
Ddex – Check here
Hibtc – Check here
Kucoin – Check here
Coinex – Check here
ExratesCheck here
Coinred – Check here
BitForex – Check here
Becentclick here
BQEXClick here
CoinbayClick here
Bi.topClick here
BiupClick here
ABCCClick here

CoinMarketCap URL: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/dacc/

For More Information, Kindly Visit any of the links below:
Website
Whitepaper
submitted by 1xratedx to CryptoCluster [link] [comments]

The Power Of Monthly Candles In Forex Forex Trading Basics - YouTube Forex Strategies - YouTube Forex trading success - YouTube FOREXTrader PRO - YouTube

The trade feed and live accounts tab are also very enriching to users of the site as it showcases live trades. The forex calendar on the website can also be customized to suit one purpose e.g. last week, this week, next week, last month, this month etc.). There is also a comprehensive list of forex brokers on the site. FOREX.com offers forex & metals trading with award winning trading platforms, tight spreads, quality executions, powerful trading tools & 24-hour live support Compare the pros & cons of different forex strategies. Read on to find forex trading strategies that can work for you from day trading to position trading. A trading checklist sets a number of questions to be answered before executing a trade. Find out how to create a trading checklist Example:create_forex_trade. partner. String(16) Required. The partner ID that is assigned by Alipay to identify an Alipay account. The partner ID is composed of 16 digits and begins with 2088. Example:2088*****662 _input_charset. String Required. The charset with which the request data is encoded. GBK and UTF-8 are supported. Example:UTF-8. sign_type. String Required. Sign type. RSA, RSA2 and ... Home » 26 Best Forex Brokers in Nigeria 26 Best Forex Brokers and Platforms in Nigeria. There are many online Forex Trading Brokers and other platforms that claim to be the Best Forex Trading Brokers in Nigeria.Learning never stops, training and learning is a lifetime ongoing process, which is why there are so many online platforms to choose from. Participation in trade groups. Get FREE Signals Now . ARRIVE AT DESTINATION Get rid of uncertainty and Enjoy Trading . SET UP your account now . Enjoy Success. Free Signals. Everyone wants to know when the value of an asset will change . We will provide these signals for FREE ! High level of certainty. We provide signals with a certainty exceeding 80%. The level of certainty can be set. Alert ... Last Updated: Nov 7, 2020 @ 11:28 pm Summary: Forex No Deposit Bonus is a tradable bonus in the real forex live account given by forex broker to the 1st time forex traders without requiring any new deposit. This type of no deposit bonus is popular in South Africa, Malaysia and Indonesia. However, it is not eligible to the residents of US, EU and to certain other jurisdictions. Top 10 Forex YouTube Channels Study our list of high achievers. Best channels are ranked by their current number of subscribers. Some of these pros focus entirely on currencies, others also trade stocks and other instruments. Choose your favorite expert or follow them all for a wealth of trading insights! These channels provide excellent ... How to Trade Currency Pairs in Forex. The trader makes an investment for each point of movement prior to closing out their position. Prior to making a forex trade, the investor should understand currency pairs. Currencies in the forex market are always traded in pairs. A good example is trading United States dollars for euros or a EUR/USD pair ...

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The Power Of Monthly Candles In Forex

Forex Trading Basics FOREX.com; 9 videos; 60,087 views; Last updated on Nov 3, 2017; Get started learning about the world's most traded market. Play all Share. Loading... Save. Sign in to YouTube ... Curso de Formação de Traders....https://goo.gl/J8TRaZ Melhor Corretora de Forex...https://goo.gl/89EVpV *AJUDE O CANAL A CRESCER: https://goo.gl/zjpjmB Dê Li... This can be a passionate discussion, but evidence shows that a few currency pairs are indeed "better" than others. We find out in this week's video. Get the robots: https://scottwelshstrategies ... Explore our platform that caters to any style of active trader. Curso de Formação de Traders....https://goo.gl/J8TRaZ Melhor Corretora de Forex...https://goo.gl/89EVpV *AJUDE O CANAL A CRESCER: https://goo.gl/zjpjmB Dê Li... The invitation link can be found here: https://discord.gg/KsPwAmn 💥Global Prime is a broker you can trust. We are dedicated to providing the best possible FOREX trading environment for our clients. Link your Forex trading account to over 30 profitable accounts. The simple way for Forex results. ... Forex Trade Copying Expert4x; 3 videos; 237 views; Last updated on Jan 9, 2020; Play all Share ... Too often new traders come into the market without getting to know the most fundamental components of foreign exchange and how currencies work. So we decided... Best forex trading strategy that works 2017 (1000 pips opportunity) by Aftab Khan. 13:53 . Best Forex Day Trading strategy Be a profitable day trader by Aftab Khan. 6:04. Forex Day trading ... Forex Tradable RSI Robot produces exceptional Forex trading success. Download or link to this EA. by Expert4x. 11:53 . 2 Simple forex things that could turn you into a Forex Trading Multi ...

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